Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

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This book illustrates the history of Atomic Physics and shows how its most recent advances allow the possibility of performing precise measurements and achieving an accurate control on the atomic state. Written in an introductory style, this book is addressed to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as to more experienced researchers who need to remain up-to-date with the most recent advances. The book focuses on experimental investigations, illustrating milestone experiments and key experimental techniques, and discusses the results and the challenges of contemporary research. Emphasis is put on the investigations of precision physics: from the determination of fundamental constants of Nature to tests of General Relativity and QuantumElectrodynamics; from the realization of ultra-stable atomic clocks to the precise simulation of condensed matter theories with ultracold gases. The book discusses these topics while tracing the evolution of experimental Atomic Physics from traditional laser spectroscopy to the revolution introduced by laser cooling, which allows the manipulation of atoms at a billionth of a degree above absolute zero and reveals new frontiers of precision in atomic spectroscopy.In the context of microwave atomic clocks, where the finite transit time is the most significant source of line broadening, laser ... in a more compact setup, fountain atomic clocks where the atomic beam is oriented vertically can be realized.

Title:Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter
Author: Massimo Inguscio, Leonardo Fallani
Publisher:OUP Oxford - 2013-09-19

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